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005. Badra (ancient: Tell ed-Der)


Northern Wasit Governorate. Near the Iran border and the Zagros Mountains, about 100 kilometers east of Eshnunna.

Dates: Early Dynastic I, circa 2900-2800 BC, to Neo-Assyrian period.

As a border city, Der was enmeshed in both trade and warfare. A king of Der sacked the city of Eshnunna in the early second millennium, after the fall of Ur III and  an independent dynasty had established itself in  Eshnunna.

In 720 BC, Tell ed-Der was the site of a battle between teh Assyrian army under Sargon II and  the Chaldean Meodoch-Baladan and his Elamite allies. Although Sargon claimed victory, more impartial sources say the Elamites defeated him, and in his own inscriptions, Merodoch-Baladan gives himself credit. 

More than 2,000 Old Babylonian cunieform tablets have been excavated at Tell ed-Der, all from the archive of the "Chief Dirge Singer."

 

 




















Latitude
  33° 14' 000 "
 
  33.233333° N
Longitude
  45° 58' 000"
  45.966667° E
   
UTM x
  590065.2825061571
UTM y
  3677571.1624547276
Zone
  38N
   
MGRS
  38SNM9006577571
   

GoogleEarth satellite view of
Tell ed-Der (external resource)