104. Kabul: Amir Abdul Rahman Kahn Mausoleum
Variant names: Mausoleum of Amir Abdur Rahman Khan (Abdurrahman), Maqbara-i Abdurrahman, Maqbara-i-Abdurrahman
Kabul Province. In the middle of Zarnegar Park.
Dates: phase one, 1880-1901; phase two, 1901-1919
While not ancient, the mausoleum of one of Afghanistan's most dynamic rulers should be treated as a site with prime historical and cultural importance. The mausoleum stands in the center of Kabul in Zarnegar ("Adorned with Gold") Park. A long inscription beside the main entrance relates the story of how the stucture was first built by Amir Abdur Rahman (1880-1901) as a small private palace. The building has a bulbous red dome atop a whitewashed drum, and fussy decorative minarets. The cupola and minarets were added by his son, Amir Habibullah (1901-1919) constructed the mosque beside the mausoleum. The mausoleum itself is closed to visitors. On the opposite side of the park a huge new mosque was under construction when we visited, named for its private benefactor - confusingly called Haji Abdul Rahman (no relation to the amir).
Source: Nancy Dupree, An Historical guide to Afghanistan. Kabul. 1977. p. 80.