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Cultural Property Protection
Egyptian Law on the Protection of Antiquities (1983)

Helicopter rotor wash can severely damage ancient structures. Above: a U.S. Army UH-60M Medevac Black Hawk steers well clear of the
Great Pyramids during the Bright Star exdercise in 1983. (Photo: Defense Industry Daily)    

"Before any conflict begins, civilian and military leaders must
understand the kind of war upon which they are engaged."

                                           — Clausewitz, On War (1832)

Any mistake or miscalculation in identifying the nature of the conflict or the terrain can damage or destroy cultural property.

Archaeological sites, religious and historical monuments, museums, libraries and the cultural property found at these sites must be safeguarded and protected. 

We demonstrate our respect for cultural property by adhering to the terms of The 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.

Safeguarding cultural property while in-theater is not only a legal obligation. It plays a vital role as a force multiplier — winning hearts and minds among local populations by sending the message that the U.S. military is the most respectful and professional fighting force in the world.

The doctrine, theory and techniques that enable U.S. forces to perform this important duty are discussed in this training module. The advice and information contained in these pages provide the basics of cultural property protection for personnel serving in Egypt during Exercise Bright Star..

Civil Affairs officers and staff should continue to view "Civil Affairs, Monuments, and Archives, Guide," U.S. Army Publication GTA 41-01-002 (March, 2005) as their primary resource and consider this training module as a supplement or adjunct to their training.