Article 17. Use of the Emblem
"1. The distinctive emblem repeated three times may be used only as a means of identification of:
(a) immovable cultural property under special protection;
(b) the transport of cultural property under the conditions
provided for in Article 12 and Article 13;
(c) improvised refuges, under the conditions provided for
in the Regulations for the execution of the Convention.
2. The distinctive emblem may be used alone only as a means of identification of:
(a) cultural property not under special protection;
(b) the persons responsible for the duties of control in
accordance with the Regulations for the execution
of the Convention;
(c) the personnel engaged in the protection of cultural
(d) the identity cards mentioned in the Regulations for the
execution of the Convention.
3. During an armed conflict, the use of the distinctive emblem in any other cases than those mentioned in the preceding paragraphs of the present Article, and the use for any purpose whatever of a sign resembling the distinctive emblem, shall be forbidden.
4. The distinctive emblem may not be placed on any immovable cultural property unless at the same time there is displayed an authorization duly dated and signed by the competent authority of the High Contracting Party."
Note: cultural property subject to protection under The 1954 Hague Convention may, or may not, be marked with the blue and white shield emblem. Article 4, section 3(5), of the Convention states that "if one State Party has failed to comply with Article 3 by not safeguarding its cultural property, by clearly marking it, this failure does not mean that another State Party can evade its obligations under Article 4 to show respect and avoid causing harm to cultural property within the territory of another State Party to the Convention."