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094. Tell Muhammad [ancient: Diniktum(?)]

Baghdad Governorate. On the southeast edge of the capital.

Other cultural heritage sites in or near Baghdad include:


Tell Muhammad (ancient: Diniktum(?)]

The center of a small kingdom in the Isin –Larsa and Old Babylonian periods.

Dates: Isin, Larsa-Old Babylonian

Textual evidence, in the  form of diplomatic letters, provides most of the evidence for this site. Although a king, Sin-Gamil, is mentioned, apparently Diniktum was a vassal to the larger kingdom of Aleppo (capital, Yanmhad), and king of Aleppo kept a fleet of boats on the Tigris at Dinkitum, to assist his fellow Amorite leaders from  aggression from Elam. A famous letter in the Mari correspondence (circa 1790) describes the fragmented political situation where “there is no king  who is strong on  his own: Hammurabi of Babylon has a following of 10-15 kings, Rim-Sin of Larsa the same, Ibal-Pi-El of Eshunna the same, Amut-pi-El of Qatna the same, and Yarim-Lim of Yamhad has a following of 20 kings”.

This same Yarim Lim latter complains in a letter that although he has moored 500 boats at the quay of Diniktum for 12 years, the king, Sin-Gamil is now rewarding his support with hostility and obstruction. Of course Hammurabi ultimately came out ahead of all of these kings, and although Yamhad was too far away for his conquests, Diniktum was incorporated into his territory.






  33° 17' 37.0752"
  33.293632° N
  44° 28' 58.4112"
  44.482892° E