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114. Wana as-Sadoum (ancient: Marad)


Northeastern Al Qadisiyah Governorate. 50 km south of Kish and mid way between Babylon and Isin.

City of some importance in Sumerian period, relatively unknown

Dates: Early Dynastic, perhaps earlier-Neo-Babylonian periods

Although Marad is not mentioned in the Sumerian King List and in the earliest city lists, it does appear in the temple hymns of the Early Dynastic period, 42 in all, referring to 35 different cities in the southern alluvium and praising their main gods--in this instance, Lugal –Mar(a)da (some cities had more than one). They express the overarching Sumerian ideology that the land was composed of equal ranking city-states, each with its principal deity(ies) and sanctuaries—a view supported by the archaeological record as both excavations and surface surveys indicate the picture of a fairly uniform class of major population centers dotting the alluvium with strong local identities reflected in urban pride and allegiance to their city gods. In the Ur III period, Marad was a province ruled by a governor, in one case a son of the ruler.  The city is listed in Hammurabi’s date-formula as falling to him, and also mentioned in Neo-Assyrian.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latitude
  32° 5' 28.9104"  
 
  32.091364456° N
Longitude
  44° 47' 6.9442"   
  44.7852623570° E
   
UTM x
  479737
UTM y
  3550583
Zone
  38N
   
MGRS
  38SML7973750583