Current crowd control doctrine in looting situations places emphasis on crowd dispersal. Even so, circumstances may be encountered that require containment rather than dispersal. Graduated display of force and graduated/controlled use of force is vital in such situations.
• Announce your presence and intent to disperse the crowd;
• Use the crowd's reaction to decide whether to disperse or contain;
Escalate the tone of the dispersal prolamation from information to a warning of imprending force;
• Exploit the psychological effects of show of force;
• Demonstrate force (firing in air); demonstrate sniper precision strike capability; and escalate the PSYOP message to take control of the situation earlier and with less force;
• Use the Graduated Response Matrix (GRM) with the minimum response necessary in situations that require graduated responses;
• Operate deliberately.
See FM 3-19.15 ["Civil Disturbance Operations"], 2-13 to 2-23.
Do not demonstrate force toward unarmed civilians. Lethal force should be used only to maintain force protection.
Proceed to the Final Question.