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The 
Fourth Geneva Convention focuses on the protection of civilians in time of war — not the protection of cultural property.

Negotiated after the end of World War II, adopted in 1949 and ratified by 194 countries, this is the last of the
Geneva Conventions, which set the standards of international law for humanitarian concerns. The four conventions are:

First Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 1864;

Second Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1906;

Third Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1929; and

Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949.


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