Iraq Afghanistan Egypt (Bright Star) United States Department of Defense

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Encountering armed looters in the field without taking action and without reporting the situation to your OIC arguably violates the 1907 Hague Convention and 1949 Geneva Convention, which require invading and occupying to maintain public order. Looting is generally recognized as a violation of public order.

Article 43 of the Annex to the Hague Convention of 1907, requires that occupying power in areas under effective control of its military "shall take all the measures in his power to restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety, while respecting, unless absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the country."

U.S. Army Field Manual 90-10-1 ["An Infantryman s Guide To Combat In Built-up Areas"] section 7-14 ["Commander's Legal Authority and Responsibilities"] states:

       "Commanders and leaders at all levesl are responsible for protecting
        civilians and their property to the maximum extent allowed by military
        operations. Looting ... is strictly prohibited, and individuals who
        commit such acts should be severely punished. Civilians ... must be
        treated with respect."

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