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Current crowd control doctrine in looting situations places emphasis on crowd dispersal. However, circumstances may be encountered that require containment rather than dispersal. Graduated display of force and graduated and controlled use of force is vital in such situations.

• Announce your presence and intent to disperse the crowd;
• Use the crowd's reaction to decide whether to disperse or contain;
• Escalate the tone of the dispersal prolamation from information to a warning of imprending force;
• Exploit the psychological effects of show of force;
• Demonstrate force (firing in air); demonstrate sniper precision strike capability; and escalate the PSYOP message to take control of the situation earlier and with less force;
• Use the Graduated Response Matrix (GRM) with the minimum response necessary in situations that require graduated responses;
• Operate deliberately.

See FM 3-19.15 ["Civil Disturbance Operations"], 2-13 to 2-23.

Do not demonstrate force toward unarmed civilians. Lethal force should be used only to maintain force protection.

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